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While not the longest vehicle ever sold by the brand it is shorter than the — Lincolns and the — Lincoln Continentals , it is the heaviest production Lincoln ever built. Considering its Ford counterpart, it is also the Lincoln with the greatest cargo capacity and the first non-limousine Lincoln to offer seating for more than six people. The Lincoln Navigator was the first Lincoln aside from the ill-fated Lincoln Versailles to be produced in a factory outside the Wixom Assembly Plant since At the end of the s, in the United States, sport-utility vehicles gradually began to transition from dedicated off-road vehicles towards dedicated family vehicles, similar to station wagons.
In , the Jeep Grand Wagoneer ended its year production run. However, by the time of its discontinuation, the vehicle had gained a famous reputation for its high content, featuring the same content as a luxury sedan. Following its official entry into the United States in , the Range Rover was upgraded in trim corresponding with its higher price. As a response, General Motors introduced the Oldsmobile Bravada in , convincing several other manufacturers to introduce mid-size luxury SUVs.
As full-size SUVs such as the Chevrolet Suburban and Ford Expedition are highly profitable vehicles, the Lincoln Navigator came to life out of an effort of badge engineering remarketing a vehicle, such as a Ford, as a Lincoln with upgraded trim and content. The Lincoln Navigator was launched on July 1, for the model year, with the first vehicle rolling off the assembly line on May 14, In its first calendar year of sales , Navigator contributed to an unprecedented event of recent decades — the overtaking of the Lincoln brand by perennial rival Cadillac in annual sales volume.
Initially, published figures indicated that Cadillac had outsold Lincoln by a scant vehicles sold, thanks to an enormous surge in Cadillac Escalade sales in December , from hundreds in previous months to almost 5, Using an optional feature from its Ford counterpart, the Navigator was designed with load-leveling air suspension ; tuned primarily for ride comfort, the air suspension lowered itself when the vehicle was parked.
Although technically available with rear-wheel drive, the primary drivetrain on the Lincoln Navigator was ControlTrac , a computer-controlled automatic four-wheel drive system. As with the Expedition, the Navigator was fitted with four-wheel anti-lock disc brakes.
Although the Lincoln Navigator shares the same bodyshell as the Ford Expedition, giving it a similar exterior appearance, Lincoln stylists would make many design changes to differentiate the two vehicles. Forward of the windshield, the Lincoln Navigator shares no body panels with its Ford counterpart, with its own front fascia a grille design shared with the Lincoln Town Car and the Lincoln LS , wheels, roof rack, lower body trim, and taillights.
The interior of the two vehicles shared more commonality, with the dashboard common to both vehicles with greater use of wood trim ; the Navigator was given its own seat design.
To make for a quieter interior over the Expedition and Ford F-Series, the Navigator made greater use of sound deadening materials and higher-quality carpeting. The Lincoln Navigator included standard features available or optional on the Expedition, including power driver and passenger bucket seats, 2nd-row bucket seats with a 2nd-row bench seat as a delete option , floor consoles, and keyless entry. The few options available included a power moonroof, a universal garage door opener, 7 seven to 8 eight passenger seating an electrochromic rearview mirror filtering out headlight glare from vehicles seen in the mirror , and a premium audio system a seven speaker, Watt audio system with a 6-disc front console-mounted CD-changer, and rear seat audio controls , and inch alloy wheels.
During its production run, Lincoln made few changes to the first-generation Navigator. In , alongside the addition of the InTech V8, power-adjustable brake and accelerator pedals were added; the previously optional inch wheels became standard.
For , the fender-mounted radio antenna was integrated into the right-rear window, while the interior received Nudo leather seating surfaces. For , several minor cosmetic changes were made. On the grille and tailgate, the Lincoln emblem was given a black background replacing the previous red ; on the tailgate, the Lincoln and Navigator badging switched sides. A VHS-based video entertainment system became an option. For , a number of changes and improvements were made to the Navigator thanks to a thorough redesign.
The Navigator continued to share a platform with the Ford Expedition , which was also redesigned for , but continued to differ from it in terms of styling and various upscale features. The redesign featured a thoroughly revised exterior, the first since the Navigator's launch, with only the front doors and roof panel unchanged from the previous generation. The new exterior came with things such as a larger chrome waterfall grille, brighter quad-beam headlights with larger housings, revised chrome door handles set in color-keyed bezels, and slightly wider running boards.
Inside the Navigator was an all-new instrument panel and dashboard area which, significantly, was not shared with the Expedition. Inspired by the symmetrical, "dual-cockpit" layout of the Lincoln Continental , the instrument panel and dashboard area was adorned with real walnut burl wood inserts and panels and switches painted with a low-luster satin nickel color. Adding to the upscale interior design further were white LEDs , in all, which provided backlighting for controls and switches.
Additionally, to direct attention to the high-quality satin nickel-faced analog clock mounted in the dashboard, an articulating door is present to conceal the radio head unit and optional satellite navigation system when they are not in use. Highlighting the Navigator's design changes were other new features and options for Newly available features like Ford's Safety Canopy side curtain airbags and a tire pressure monitoring system improved occupant safety.
Convenience was enhanced by the availability of power running boards an industry first , power-folding third row seats, a power liftgate, and HID headlights for top end models. The available rear-seat video entertainment system was updated to be DVD-based and all Navigators now came with standard 18x7. Like the redesigned Expedition U , the Navigator benefitted from a reworked chassis, new rack-and-pinion steering, and an all-new independent rear suspension IRS , which brought better handling and ride comfort.
The Navigator continued to benefit from a load-leveling air suspension but it now lowered the vehicle by an inch when stopped in the interest of easing entry and exit.
The Navigator's powertrain was modified from the UN, but the 5. In turn, towing capacity dropped slightly. Tire-pressure monitoring was made standard for while Ford's AdvanceTrac , a type of traction control system , with Roll Stability Control was an option.
In , for the Navigator received a minor facelift with new square-shaped foglights replacing the circular ones used previously. In the interest of cost effectiveness, the 5. On a side note, the new engine was not marketed under the Triton name in the Navigator even though it is mechanically identical to the F's engine.
The venerable 4R 4-speed automatic transmission used in earlier Navigators was replaced with a new ZF Friedrichshafen AG -sourced 6-speed automatic transmission. The Navigator was redesigned under the U program code name, with new styling and mechanical features for Unveiled at the Chicago Auto Show in February , the Navigator featured its most distinctive styling update since its introduction with new front and rear fascias and side cladding.
In the front was a large, upper chrome grille resembling those of classic Lincolns like the Continental , an all-new, more complex headlight design, a lower chrome grille with integrated foglights, and a more prominent "power dome" hood. Elsewhere, an updated rear fascia featured taillights inspired by the Lincoln MKZ and chrome trim was more prominently used along the Navigator's sides, including chrome lower body molding on the doors.
The distinctiveness of the Navigator's exterior followed into the interior, highlighted by an all-new dashboard and instrument panel. These areas saw an extensive use of rectangular shapes, such as in the gauges, as well as greater use of real wood and satin nickel accents.
Accompanying the Navigator's redesign for was a new model, the Navigator L developed under the U program code name. Compared to the Navigator's previous platform, the new platform provides greater rigidity for better driving dynamics. The independent rear suspension has been replaced with a new five-link IRS design to further enhance handling and ride quality. The Navigator continued to come with standard inch alloy wheels but both and inch wheels are now available.
The ZF Friedrichshafen 6-speed automatic transmission was replaced by Ford's own 6-speed design, the 6R80 for the model year. Since the model redesign, the Navigator no longer uses the same transfer case as the Expedition. Expedition four-wheel drives continue to use a two-speed dual range transfer case with off-road low range reduction gearing and default off-road program that remaps reprograms the electronic throttle control and traction control system response for off-road conditions.
Navigator four-wheel drives have been demoted to a light-duty one-speed single range transfer case which lacks low range gearing. For , packaging for the Navigator's luxury and convenience features was simplified, resulting in the elimination of the perennial Luxury and Ultimate trim levels and the standardization of a number of features that were previously optional. Some of these newly standard features included heated and cooled front seats, power-folding third row seats, a power liftgate, and a Watt speaker THX II-Certified audio system.
Also newly standard was a 3. Newly available was a rearview camera to aid in backing up. For , the Navigator's 5. The rearview camera that was new for was now standard, as were heated second row seats, Front Park Assist , a capless fuel filler, rain-sensing windshield wipers, and Lincoln SYNC.
The third generation Navigator and Navigator L continued to be offered for the model year, with only slight changes. For the model year, the only changes made to the Navigator were the addition of new color trims: The model year was a carryover from with the same features and no cosmetic changes.
This would be the last model year that it would feature the front grille fascias. In March , Ford had confirmed reports that the next generation Lincoln Navigator would not be a repackaged Ford Expedition as the previous generations were, despite trailing the MKX in terms of sales but ahead of the MKT, but hopes to make it more competitive in the luxury SUV segment as they prepare to take on the Cadillac Escalade , Infiniti QX80 , and the Mercedes-Benz GL-Class , each of which had already or would launch new generations within or ,  and would be designed by the new Lincoln design team that also designed the new MKZ.
It would be completely new and would feature the 3. On January 22, , three photos of the Navigator were released on Twitter  and Instagram ,  along with an announcement that the refreshed SUV would be revealed at the Washington Auto Show the following day January 23, The Navigator and Navigator L kept the same exterior styling design as the Expedition instead of the reported repackaging that was announced earlier by Ford.
However, it now featured an updated front grille with the rear tailgate lights bearing a resemblance to the Dodge Durango. The EcoBoost V6 engine is the only engine offered for the model year and makes horsepower and lb ft. The twenty-inch wheels comes standard, replacing the inch wheels, while a reserve package featured inch wheels. The dashboard panels features MyLincoln Touch with Sync as a standard and controlled through an eight-inch, touchscreen display in the dash, and home to twin 4.
The push-button start became standard, likewise a passive entry and a rear-view camera. The blind-spot monitoring was added as an optional feature. Both the refreshened and redesigned Navigator and Navigator L went into production in the Summer of , and arrived to dealers in the fall of as a model. The fourth generation marked a significant shift in the exterior styling of the Navigator, as it adopted styling features of the Lincoln Continental.
In another major shift, the model line adopted aluminum body construction. The fourth-generation Lincoln Navigator uses the Ford T3 platform , developed under the U code name.
Retaining body-on-frame construction, the Lincoln Navigator and Ford Expedition were engineered alongside the Ford F The four-wheel independent suspension configuration was retained, with a redesigned rear suspension layout.
Shared with the Ford F Raptor, the Lincoln Navigator is equipped with a hp twin-turbocharged 3. The highest-output engine ever sold by Lincoln, the 3. Entering production with only minor changes from the Lincoln Navigator concept vehicle shown at the New York Auto Show removing the gullwing doors and stair-style running boards, used largely for display purposes . The Lincoln Navigator adopted several design features from the Lincoln Continental, including the style of its headlights, taillights, side vents, and its front fascia, with a large rectangular grille and a centered Lincoln star emblem.
While sharing its roofline and side doors with the Ford Expedition, in the style of Range Rovers , the B,C, and D-pillars are blacked out for a "floating roof" effect. As with the Ford F, the body of fourth-generation Lincoln Navigator and Ford Expedition was designed as a part of a shift to aluminum body construction, with the use of steel largely reserved for the chassis frame rails.
Nearly pounds lighter than the previous generation, the fourth-generation Navigator is physically larger than its predecessor, with the standard-wheelbase configuration gaining three inches in wheelbase, while the long-wheelbase L gaining nearly an inch becoming the longest-wheelbase Lincoln ever produced.
In terms of body length, both versions were shortened approximately half an inch. Shared with the Lincoln Continental, the dashboard of the Lincoln Navigator replaced a conventional console or column -mounted shifter with dashboard-mounted buttons and paddle shifters.
For the first time in the model line, the fourth-generation Navigator offers a head-up display along with a inch reconfigurable instrument cluster. The fourth-generation Lincoln Navigator continues the same trim line introduced in the model update, with Premiere new to the Navigator for as the standard trim, Select as the mid-level trim, and Reserve as the highest trim level.