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This review explores what past environmental change in Africa—and African people's response to it—can teach us about how to cope with life in the Anthropocene. Organized around four drivers of change—climate; agriculture and pastoralism; megafauna; and imperialism, colonialism, and capitalism ICC —our review zooms in on key regions and debates, including desertification; rangeland degradation; megafauna loss; and land grabbing.

Multiscale climate change is a recurring theme in the continent's history, interacting with increasingly intense human activities from several million years onward, leading to oscillating, contingent environmental changes and societally adaptive responses. With high levels of poverty, fast population growth, and potentially dramatic impacts expected from future climate change, Africa is emblematic of the kinds of social and ecological precariousness many fear will characterize the future globally.

African people's innovation and adaptation to contingency may place them among the avant-garde with respect to thinking about Anthropocene conditions, strategies, and possibilities. Africaenvironmental changeclimateagriculturemegafaunacolonialism. Figure 1 Depiction of the changing intensity over time of the four drivers discussed in our review. ICC, imperialism, colonialism, and capitalism.

These drivers sometimes overlap and operate at distinct spatiotemporal scales see Figure Data from Klein Goldewijk et al. As shown in Figure 2, effects of agriculture and pastoralism have been localized and geographically dispersed, African environments became subject to new, more intense forms of transformation see Figure Figure 3 Vegetation change in Africa, 20 kya—present. Africa's biomes expanded and contracted repeatedly in response to the glacial-interglacial climate oscillations see Figure For institutions and librarians: For further information, and to obtain pricing for your institution, visit the Librarian Resource Com www optionweb hhi lang english. Download Citation Citation Alerts.

Colin Hoag 1,2 and Jens-Christian Svenning 1. Abstract This review explores what past environmental change in Africa—and African people's response to it—can teach us about how to cope with life in the Anthropocene. Save for later Item saved, go to cart. Restore content access Note: This functionality works only for purchases done as a guest. If you already have an account, log in to access the content to which you are entitled.

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Vutova K, Mechkov G, Vachkov P, Petkov R, Georgiev P, Handjiev S, Ivanov A, Todorov T. Effect of mebendazole on human cystic echinococcosis: the role of dosage and treatment duration. Daniel-Mwambete K, Torrado S, Cuesta-Bandera C, Ponce-Gordo F, Torrado JJ. The effect of solubilization on the oral bioavailability of three benzimidazole carbamate drugs. Chemotherapy for larval echinococcosis in animals and humans: report of a workshop.